against European domination

kimpa vita.

Kimpa Vita (Dona Beatriz) (1684–1706) Saint of Kongo

One of the first African women to fight against European dominance in Africa during the colonial period & expose the racism and misogyny in the Catholic church.
The founder of the first black Christian movement in Sub-Saharan Africa.
She fought all forms of slavery, and tried to reconcile Christianity with African religions and beliefs, teaching people that black saints mingled with white saints in paradise. This was revolutionary, since Catholic priests in the area (Capuchins) taught that ONLY white saints could be found in heaven
While still in her teens, she started a non-violent anti Colonial movement to liberate the Kingdom of Kongo and return it to its former glory.

Led thousands of her people to rebuild and repopulate Mbanza Kongo, the capital of the once glorious unified Kingdom of Kongo.

She was burned at the stake as a which for heresy.

Early Life

Kimpa Vita was born near Mount Kibangu in the Kingdom of Kongo soon after the death of King António I(1661–65), It is believed that she was connected to King António I who died at the battle of Mbwila (Ulanga) a battle orientated around the removal the Portuguese from his region. Following António I death was a time of internal strife, political unrest and civil war. As was the centuries old tradition with Kongolese nobles, she was baptised into the Roman Catholic church at birth.

She was shaped by two things:

African Spirituality & Christianity

As a child Kimpa Vita had ‘gifts’, she constantly saw visions and dreamt of playing with angels. Due to her innate spirituality, Kimpa Vita was trained as a (Shaman) Nganga marinda, a individual who consults the supernatural world to solve problems within the community. As could be expected, the European missionaries did not like the existence of the Nganga marinda nor did they like the fact that the Kongolese widely accepted them as legitimate (this despite two centuries of Catholicism).

Decline of the Kingdom of Kongo

The kingdom of Kongo (now a part of modern Angola and Congo), the wealthiest and most powerful state in the Atlantic region of Central Africa during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, began to dissolve in the seventeenth century under internal and external pressures. Portuguese military aggression emanating from the Angola colony to the south spurred the kingdom’s disintegration, notably at the battle of Mbwila in 1665 at which Portuguese troops killed the Kongo ruler Antonio I. The kingdom was plagued by devastating civil wars which fed the ravenous Atlantic slave trade. By the turn of the eighteenth century there was an immense political and cultural vacuum, the Kongo capital Mbanza Kongo (also known as São Salvador) had been abandoned and the kingdom had broken up into small territories ruled by warlords and members of the old Kongo nobility. Memories of Kongo’s past glory remained, however, and a series of popular movements developed out of the Kongo people’s desire to restore the kingdom to its former greatness.


With her training as a shaman and her identification as a Christian, Kimpa Vita began to be recognized as a prophetess. In 1704 at the age of 20 she had a near death experience when she appeared to die of a fever. When she had been resuscitated she believed that she now spoke with the voice of the patron saint of Kongo, and also incidentally the patron saint of Portugal, St. Anthony of Padua she believed Saint Anthony became incarnate in her body and so she became the physical manifestation of the saint, who addressed the kingdom’s problems through her.

Compelled by the Christian God to announce his word to restore the kingdom through adherence to a vision of Catholicism that was set firmly within Kongo history and geography. She also wanted to restore the former Kongo capital San Salvador.

She concerned herself with the restoration, spiritually and politically, of the Kongo Kingdom. Kimpa Vita’s religious ideology came as an answer to the prayers of many Kongolese people. In her message She combined traditional Kongolese beliefs with Catholicism. Creating her own her own Christian movement, known as Antonianism. She wanted a religious system that was set firmly within Kongo history and geography. From her visions she believed Kongo must reunite under a new king & Antonianism was a way of doing this. Much to the dismay of the Catholic Church, Kimpa Vita quickly attracted a large following of common people, as well as some nobility who flocked to the city, which Kimpa identified as the biblical Bethlehem.

Rejecting missionary domination over Christianity, she preached that;

Kongo was the Holy Land described in the Bible
The Kongolese capital, Mbanza Kongo (also known as Sao Salvador) was the real site of Bethlehem.
Jesus was born in Mbanza Kongo and baptized not at Nazareth but in the northern province of Nsundi.
Jesus Christ and the other saints were black Africans
Mary was a slave of a Kongo marquis.
Heaven was for also for Africans.
The European church was not beneficial to Kongolese.
Kimpa Vita claimed all this had been divulged to her by God. She died every Friday and went to spend the weekend in heaven where she met God personally and discussed such topics as Kongo politics. Indeed, Kimpa Vita’s ideology may seem radical but not if you look at the history of Catholicism and Christianity in the Kingdom of Kongo and examine how the people learnt to adapt a foreign religion with their local traditions. They felt that the Christian missionaries were corrupt and unsympathetic to the spiritual needs of Kongolese Catholics.

The History Catholicism in Congo

The Kingdom of Kongo had been Catholic for two centuries by the time Kimpa Vita was born. In 1491 Nzinga a Nukwu, the king of Kongo at that time, was the first royal to be baptised. However, Nzinga a Nukwu ended up changing his mind and leaving his newly adopted religion after some years, it was his son Afonso I who surely established the church in Kongo and attempted to make the country a Catholic one. Afonso I went further by creating schools that taught European education and Christianity to the nobility. He also had members of the noble class sent to Portugal to further their education and worked with both educated Kongolese and Portuguese priests in his government.

This tradition continued with Afonso’s son, Henrique becoming the first bishop from sub-saharan Africa in 1518. Christianity grew further in the 16th century particularly under the reigns of Kings Alvaro I and Alvaro II who gave nobles titles such as Count, Duke and Marquis in the European manner. They also brought in relics such as bones of martyrs from Europe and established an embassy in Rome.

The Kongolese had formed their own brand of Christianity even before Kimpa Vita arrived. At a point in the kingdom’s history, the royalty wanted to create their own bishops and clergy which didn’t go well with the Pope and the Portuguese clergy. All attempts by foreign missionaries to purge local elements from the Kongolese Catholicism were met with resistance and ultimately failed (the same thing happened when the Dutch Calvinists tried to preach their faith).

The issue may have been that though the Kongolese believed they were worshiping an African God, they were not vocal about it. Missionaries taught the opposite of what Kimpa Vita (and most of the Kongolese population) believed, arguing that heaven was for whites only and that Jesus and all saints were white. Kimpa Vita vocally opposed such ideas and turned them upside down. She fought against the ‘Europeanization’ of Christianity and Kongo. .

However Kimpa Vita was not only trying to spread a purely African version of Christianity, at the same time she was also trying to bring an end to the civil wars that were weakening the Kingdom of Kongo. Kimpa Vita fought against slavery which was a thriving industry thanks to those numerous wars.


Her involvement in politics that eventually led to her fall, when Pedro Constantinho da Silva, a general to the King Pedro IV & a rival to the throne, saw an ally with Kimpa Vita as a means to the throne. Kimpa was now seen as a enemy to King Pedro IV, because of her influence, her allies and her opposition against the Portuguese, Kimpa Vita was captured near her hometown, was tried under Kongo law as a witch and a heretic and burned at the stake for heresy in the temporary capital of Evululu on July 2, 1706 by forces loyal to Pedro IV under the watchful eyes of the European (Capuchin) missionaries. In 1710, the perpetrators sent a report of their “mission” to the pope, after having organized the persecution of her followers.

The Anthonian prophetic movement outlasted her death. Her followers continued to believe that she was still alive, and it was only when Pedro IV’s forces took São Salvador in 1709 that the political force of her movement was broken, and most of her former noble adherents renounced their beliefs and rejoined the church.


Kongo’s history is even more fascinating because while the people were staunch Catholics, they disliked the invading Portuguese who had brought the religion to them.

The importance of Kimpa Vita is that she was one of the earliest recorded African women who fought against European Imperialism in the colonial era. Her knowledge and understanding of Kongolese Spirituality, history, culture and Christianity allowed her to see her how European religion was being used manipulate Kongo.

She used this knowledge to try to reconcile Christianity with African belief systems to unite & restore the Kingdom of Kongo.


The Antonian movement, which Kimpa began, outlasted her. The Kongo king Pedro IV used it to unify and renew his kingdom. Her ideas remained among the peasants, appearing in various messianic cults until, two centuries later, it took new form in the preaching of Simon KIMBANGU.

It is thought that In 1739, some of her followers, sold as slaves in America, carried out the revolt well known as the “Stono rebellion” in South Carolina, and her teachings also may have inspired the action of former Kongo slaves, during the revolt which led to the independence of Haiti in 1804.

To those who know of her today Kimpa Vita is regarded as a prophetess and a symbol of non-violent resistance in Africa, inspiring many political and religious leaders in Congo and Angola.

The Importance & Interest Of Her Rehabilitation

The French people rehabilitated Jeanne d’ Arc (Joan of Arc) five centuries after her death. She then became “Sainte Jeanne d’ Arc”(Saint-Joan of Arc), in spite of the controversy around her life. Dona Beatrice Kimpa Vita was a victim of the religious intolerance and racism raging in her country and continent. Despite her accomplishments, Pope Paul VI rejected a request for her rehabilitation in 1966.

R. S. Basi, The Black Hand of God, themarked; 2009,

Thornton, John Kelly. The Kongolese Saint Anthony: Dona Beatriz Kimpa Vita and the Antonian Movement, 1684–1706. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

Online Sources:

“1706: Dona Beatriz Kimpa Vita, the Kongolese Saint Anthony”, (April 16 2012)

Brockman, C, N (1994) Kimpa Vita (Dona Beatrice) (African Biographical Dictionary) [Online] available from:

EccentricYoruba (2011) “KIMPA VITA & THE KINGDOM OF KONGO” [Online] available from:

“kimbangu75”, (April 16 2012)

“Kimpa Vita”, (April 16 2012)

“Kimpa Vita”, (April 16 2012


Your time is up!



In this stage of the work and in this stage of my pronouncements I have continually mentioned the great red dragon, Satan, the devil, and the archangel. This is how the great red dragon behaves: He resists me, he does not clearly understand the meaning of my word, he often persecutes me and he uses his trickery to upset my management. This is how Satan behaves: He vies with me for power, he wants to take possession of my chosen people and he makes negative utterances to confuse my people. This is how the devil behaves: (All the unbelievers that are outside of those that accept my name are the devil.) He seeks after the pleasures of the flesh, he gets intoxicated on his demonic passions and selfish desires, he lives under Satan’s bondage, and some of them resist me and others support me (but this latter point does not prove that he is my beloved son). This is how the archangel behaves: He speaks in an insolent and disrespectful manner. He frequently instructs people while using my tone of voice, but he only emphasizes imitating me outwardly. Whatever I eat, he eats; whatever I use, he uses. In short, he wants to be on an equal footing with me. He is ambitious, but he does not have my inner qualities, and does not possess my life, for he is merely a good-for-nothing. Satan, the devil, and the archangel are typical examples of the great red dragon; so, all those that I have not predestined and chosen are the offspring of the great red dragon; it is as definite as that! They are all my enemies. (However, apart from the disturbances of Satan, my inner qualities comprise your nature, which is something no one can change. As you are still living in the flesh, you are occasionally beguiled by Satan, which is hard to avoid, and you will only be able to avoid this if you always take care.) Therefore, I will abandon the offspring of the great red dragon, as they are outside this group of firstborn sons. Their nature will never change, and they have Satan’s inner qualities. What they manifest is the devil, and what they live out is the archangel. This is absolutely correct. The great red dragon I have been speaking about is not only a great red dragon, but is an evil spirit that opposes me. The “great red dragon” is another way of referring to him. So, all spirits, other than the Holy Spirit, are evil spirits, and it could be said that they are the offspring of the great red dragon. This is something that everyone should clearly understand…

Those that are in power now will have to leave their positions. I am the only one that is worthy to reign over all, and to control all things, not some foreigners, for I care about all things. There are new revelations every day and there is new light every day. Satan’s last day is coming closer & closer…



(Reuters) – Pope Benedict stunned the Roman Catholic Church, including his closest advisers on Monday when he announced he would stand down in the first papal abdication in 700 years, saying he no longer had the mental and physical strength to run the Church through a period of major crisis…


We were in America first!


The Moorish/black Native Americans built pyrimidial mounds all over North and South America and even up to Canada.

As added by brother Qam Yasharahlah, “From the book black out through whitewash by Suzar Ch 5 pg 67 Though so many have been deliberately destroyed, over 200,000 ancient pyramids and huge mounds of earth in the shape of cones, animals and geometric designs can still be found from the southern coast of America to Canada. These structures were built by a so-called “obscure” people largely known as “the Mound Builders.” The truth about the Mound Builders is suppressed. Why? Because they were an advanced civilization of dark-skinned woolly-haired Blacks who were indigenous (native) to North America kin to the Olmecs of South America. At one time the Afrikan and American continents were joined, as proven by their similarity of tropical plants and animals, geographic traits, and their appearance of fitting together. The Black Mound Builders were the Washitaw-Muurs (Ouachita-Moors), the ORIGINAL inhabitants of North and South America. Many [really MOST!] Blacks in North America are unknowing descendants of these mound-building indigenous BLACKS and NOT descendants of Black Afrikan slaves! …”aMERica” is “aMOORica.” Therefore, Columbus was not entirely wrong in calling these people “Indians”! For the true meaning of word “Indian” is Black Person! ( “INDI” means black, as in INDIa ink, hINDu and INDIgo the darkest color of the spectrum). The massive remains of this ancient BLACK civilization /empire “stands as one of the best-kept archaeological secrets in the country.” Ancient American Magazine (Issue 17) reported: “Evidence for black-skinned natives in the Americas long before the arrival of Columbus is abundant. From the distinctly negroid features of colossal Olmec sculpted heads and and a pre-Aztec obsidian bowl being upheld by a figure with unmistakably black characteristics, to the bones of negroid persons excavated from a 2,000 year-old mound in northern Wisconsin, a wealth of material exists to establish the certainty of non-White, non-Indian population living in pre-Columbian America along with these other groups.” Many Mound Builders were huge; their ancient skeletons were often 7 to 8 feet. The only other living people on Earth this tall are another group of Blacks, the Massai of Afrika. It is difficult finding information about this highly suppressed subject of the Black Mound Builders. Many details are available in “Return of the Ancient Ones,” a book by the Empress of the Washitaw, Her Highness: Verdiacee ‘Tiari’ Washitaw-Turner Goston El-Bey. She is the Empress and Head of the present-day Washitaw Nation in Louisiana, which is recognized by the United Nations. Click here to contact the Nation’s official website ( The Washitaw Nation — Uaxashaktun de Dugdamoundyah — exists as the world’s oldest sovereign and independent nation, and is the living ascendant of the ancient empire that first ruled the Americas.

From the book the first American were African In 1881, John W. Powell appointed Cyrus Thomas to be the Director of the Eastern Mound Division of the Smithsonian Institutes Bureau of Ethnology. Cyrus Thomas commented on “Indian Mounds” in America. “Distint from American Indians,” means the American Indians were “distinctly” not the builders. He said that, “There was a race of mound builders in America distinct from American Indians. ” Bond backs what Thomas wrote by saying that Mound builders were not Native Americans we call indians. They were pre-historic culture or cultures that inhabited much of the area we know as the United States. Similarly, Wicke wrote in an article in the Journal of American Antiquity stating ” Chard [in his invention Versus Diffusion: The Burial Mound Complex of the Eastern United States] has refuted the hypothesis of Asiatic orgin for burial mounds.” This is yet a third statement that shows the Amerinds probably were not the people who built the Indian mounds in America as Thomas said

Our name didn’t come from europeans!

One of the most ridiculous regurgitations that we continue to hear on a day to day basis is the LIE that the title and designation of “Africa” came from Publius Cornelius Scipio, the general that Hannibal let win the Battle of Zama.

The birth name of so called Scipio Africanus was “Publius Cornelius Scipio” and he only EARNED the title “Africanus” after The Honorable General Hannibal Barca let him win the Battle of Zama.

Their are many great Ancestors that the title Africa could have come from.

Some of these are The Ancient Moorish King Malik Afriki, Pharoah Khafre the son of Khufu, and even the Great Ancestor God Tyru Afrik of the Ancient Saharan Zingh Empire.

We must do away with the false perception of reality that puts the origin of everything among European people. Africa did not come from Scipio Africanus. The birth name of Scipio Africanus was Publius Cornelius Scipio and he only earned the title Africanus after The Honorable General Hannibal Barca let him win the Battle of Zama in the Second Punic War. The title and designation of Africa comes from African people. If there is an ancestor God that we must pin the origin of Africa to, it is Tyru Afrik of the Zingh Empire.

AIDS, The war on black people today

A woman came to F.B.M.O. today and boasted how africa is ‘filled with aids’ Well this aint no damn conspiracy
theory. In July 1969 Dr. MacArthur, Director of the U.S. Army Advanced Research Project Agency (ARPA) appeared
before Congress (the Appropriations Committee of the House) and stated:

” within a period of 5-10 years it would be possible to produce a synthetic biological agent, an agent that does not
naturally exist and for which no natural immunity could have been acquired.”

This synthetic anent is AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency syndrome virus or HIV-1) ARPA requested $10 million
to develop AIDS, 10 years before the virus was identified in the field.

On October 2, 1970 just 15 months after Dr. MacArthur requested an apliciation for AIDS development, Robert
McNamara, now World Bank President, made a speech to international bankers in which he identified population growth
as “the gravest issue that the world faces over the years ahead.”

In his speech to the bankers McNamara argued that population growth was leading to instability, that a 10 billion world
population would not be “controllable.”

Said McNamara, “It is not a world that any of us would want to live in. Is such a world inevitable? It is not sure but there
are two possible ways by which a world of 10 billion people can be averted. Either the current birth rates must come down
more quickly or the current death rates must go up. There is no other way.”

In brief, Robert McNamara was in the final decision making role for development of AIDS at the very time he was contemplating
the idea that “world death rates must got up.” THIS IS MORE THAN COINCIDENCE.

Our conclusion is that Robert McNamara knowingly encouraged development of AIDS as a means to reduce the worlds’
Population. It is difficult to arrive at any other Conclusion.

This Biological Warefare agent was taken to africa and given to Africans hidden inside of Smallpox vaccines through the
C.D.C (Center for Diseace Control) And then Spread ampng Homosexuals in San Francisco.
This information became known to the Soviets and in October 1985 the Soviet Union mounted a world wide propaganda
campaign. Aids had been manufactured at Fort Dietrich Maryland by the Pentagon. The initial information was planted in a
Soviet backed newspaper in India and then surfaced in more than 30 media sources world wide. The report was backed by an
East German report by Professor Jacob Segal of Humbolt University, East Berlin. Segal argued that the AIDS virus is “the
product of an abortive experiment carried out at a laboratory to develop biological warfare means

ancient Gods of egypt, predating modern religion

Egypt: Atum, Lord of the Two Lands, Lord of Heliopolis

Atum was one of the main gods as well as one of the oldest in ancient Egypt. He was a creator and sun god, together
with Re, Horakhty and Khepri. His name is derived from the verb tem, which has either a positive meaning,
“the accomplished one”, or a negative meaning, “the one who did not come to being yet”. He is well attested
from numerous textual and iconographic sources. In fact, he is one of the eight or nine most frequently mentioned
gods in the Pyramid Texts so we have a good deal of very early information regarding his mythological roles and
Atum was the great primeval deity of Heliopolis, and his cult rose to importance as early as the Old Kingdom.
His most essential nature is that of the “self-engendered one”, who arose at the beginning of time and who
created the first gods through his semen, or according to another story, though his saliva. However, he had
many facets.

Lord of Totality
Totality, in reference to Atum, implies an ultimate and unalterable state of perfection. Atum was the monad
from whom all else originally came. One of the translations of his name could be “totality”, and in the Coffin
Texts and elsewhere he is specifically called the “lord of totality”. Essentially, everything which existed was
considered a part of the flesh of Atum, and every individual thing was said to be one of millions of the god’s
kas, a concept which not only stressed the gods primacy in coming before all else, but also his importance as a
universal god.

The Heliopolitan cosmogony holds that Atum was the god of creation whereby the world and existence sprang
from primeval chaos. The Pyramid Texts tells us that Atum was “he who came into being” of himself. His creative
nature has two sides for Atum can be seen as the one who completes everything and finishes everything. Hence, he
is not only the creator, but the annihilator of creation. In a dialogue between Atum and Osiris in the Book of the
Dead, Atum states that he will eventually destroy the world, submerging gods, men and Egypt back into the primal
waters (Nun), which were all that existed at the beginning of time. In this nonexistence, Atum and Osiris will survive
in the form of serpents.

Primal Mound
Atum, however, was not only the creator, but the original creation itself. He was the primeval mound which rose
from the waters of creation and was represented in this aspect by the sacred ben-ben stone, which was worshipped
at Heliopolis from the earliest dynasties.

The Sun
The sun was thought to have been a primary factor in the process of creation and so Atum was also linked with
solar theology, as the self-developing scarab who represented the newly created sun. Hence, in the Pyramid and
Coffin Texts, he is often synchronized with the sun god as Re-Atum. Separately, Re was usually considered the
rising sun of the day, while Atum was the setting sun of the evening. However, in the Coffin Texts he is specifically
said both to “emerge from the eastern horizon” and to “rest in the western horizon”, so that he is in this way the
complete sun. Yet, generally in funerary texts, he was certainly more commonly the aged form of the sun which set
each evening and traveled through the underworld.

Netherworld God

Atum plays an important role in many of the later books of the netherworld. His power is invoked in many of these
texts. In the netherworld books recorded on the walls of the New Kingdom tombs in the Valley of the Kings on the
West Bank at Ancient Thebes (modern Luxor), Atum is shown as an aged, ram-headed figure who supervises the
punishment of evildoers and the enemies of the sun god. He also subdues other hostile forces in the netherworld
such as the serpent Nehebu-Kau, who he overcomes by pressing his fingernail onto it’s spine. Before Gate nine, Atum
stands confronting the coiled serpent Apophis condemning him to be overthrown and annihilated. He also provides
protection to even those of non-royal blood, ensuring their safe passage past the Lake of Fire where there lurks a
deadly dog-headed god who lives by swallowing souls and snatching hearts.

Father of the Gods and the King
Atum was the father of the gods, creating the first divine couple, Shu and Tefnut, who he produced by copulating
with himself. He thus had a female principle inherent within himself (specifically, his hand). This masturbation act
later played into the Theban title of “God’s Hand”, given to priestesses who were regarded as symbolically married
to Amun, and he became associated also with various goddesses responsible for sexual pleasure and fertility, such
as Hathor and Nebet-Hetepet.
A variant on this mythology from Memphis, as recorded on the stela of Shabaqa of the 25th Dynasty, holds that
the creation occurred by means of Atum’s mouth, spitting forth Shu and Tefnut. In this theology, humankind arose
from his eyes.
Atum’s family tree, consisting of the nine gods of the Heliopolitan Ennead and envisioned by the Heliopolitan
theologians, eventually led through Shu (air) and Tefnut (moisture) who begat Geb (earth) and Nut (sky) who
in turn parented Osiris, Isis, Seth and Nephthys. Osiris was the father of Horus (of whom the king of Egypt was
the living manifestation), and therefore Atum became a father of the pharaoh. One of his most frequent epithets
was “Lord of the Two Lands”, a title also held by the king. Hence, the Pyramid Texts, reveals to us his close
relationship with the king, “O Atum, raise this king up to you, enclose him within your embrace, for he is your
son of your body for ever”. By using magic spells, the king might even hope to surpass the power of Atum,
himself the supreme deity and rule as Atum over every god.

Iconography and Representations
Atum is most usually depicted in anthropomorphic form and is typically shown wearing the dual crown of
Upper and Lower Egypt. This iconography, of course, equates him with the king and in fact one of the only
details that distinguishes him from the king is the shape of his beard. Representations of Atum in statuary are
far less numerous than those of any other god of similar importance, and we may speculate that statues showing a
king as “Lord of the Two Lands” may have also been viewed as incarnations of Atum.

The largest of the rare statues of Atum is a group depicting King Horemheb of the 18th Dynasty kneeling in front
of the seated god. It was discovered in the Luxor temple cache only recently.
From the New Kingdom onward, he is often depicted on temple walls as the god inscribing royal names on the
leaves of the sacred ished tree. In some reliefs that are mostly of Lower Egyptian Origin, such as on the shrine
of Ramesses II from Pithom, Atum is the god crowning the king.
In addition to the double crown, he could also be depicted with a solar disk and a long tripartite wig.
In his netherworld role, as well as his solar aspect, he is also often presented with the head of a ram. He may
be seated on a throne but may also be shown standing erect, or even leaning on a staff when his old age is stressed.

Zoomorphically, Atum could be depicted or symbolized as a serpent in reference to his chthonic and primeval
nature. However, he might also be represented as a mongoose (ichneumon), lion, bull, lizard or ape. As an ape,
he was sometimes armed with a bow with which to shoot his enemies. In his aspect as a solar deity, he was also
depicted as a scarab and the giant scarab statue which now stands by the sacred lake at Karnak was dedicated
to Atum. Also, numerous small bronze coffins containing mummified eels, bearing a figure of the fish on the top
of the box and an inscription incised on it, attest to yet another zoomorphic incarnation of Atum.

In terms of his primeval nature, Atum could also be represented by the image of the primeval hill, and in the
First Intermediate period, “Atum and his Hand” even appear as a divine couple on some coffins.

Atum was probably the most important god worshipped at Heliopolis, though eventually his cult was eclipsed by
that of Re. Nevertheless, the cult of Atum continued to be important at Heliopolis, and he is often called
the “Lord of Heliopolis”, even after the rise of Re’s influence. Atum was also the main deity of
Per-Tem (house of Atum), the biblical Pithom in the eastern Delta.
However, Atum’s importance was by no means limited to northern Egypt, or to the Old Kingdom.
During the New Kingdom, Atum, along with the Theban god Montu, is depicted escorting the king in the
Temple of Amun at Karnak. In fact, Atum’s close relationship to the king is seen in many cultic rituals, and
a papyrus dating to the Late Period which is now in the Brooklyn Museum shows the god’s importance in the
New Year’s festival in which the king’s role was reconfirmed.
Though Atum was not particularly a god of the populous, amulets and small reliquaries of lizards, which
were one of his symbols, were worn in honor of the god in the Late Period.

Amen-Mut- Khonsu Ausar (Osiris) – Auset (Isis) – Heru (Horus) Ptah – Sekhmet – Nefertum
Answer for yourself: What should this teach us? Simply when reading of Osiris and Horus and Isis as well as
other “neteru” or “gods of Egypt” we are not speaking of “literal historical people” or actual “competitive gods
of the One God” but Divine Concepts that operate in this One God that are very real that are later personified by the
Egyptian Spiritual Masters to help mankind better understand and relate to his God and Creator. This is not an odd
concept, and it was copied in the trinity of the Christian faith and few know it. This explains why the corridors of
history and nation after nation express these same “Divine Concepts” under different names whom we mistakenly
believe were “pagan gods” and ridicule them as “stupid” in fact when a proper understanding of this Divine
expressed in these concepts are absolutely breathtaking when you see them as they were understood by the
Ancients. Our blindness today is due to Rome who burned the worlds libraries and murdered millions to cover
up the fact that their “literalization” of these “allegorical expressions of God” was a lie. They basically “literalized”
the Christ within as a historical “god-man” whom we know today as “Jesus” to give validity to their Emperor as
the Roman “god-man”. Today we don’t know this when reading accounts of a “literal” and a “supposed historical
Jesus” but in fact the “Christ” was always real…but not a historical person but rather “persons” for God’s Christ
dwells within us all as does this God Whom we love and Whom Manifests Himself as Osiris, Isis, Horus, etc. When
we speak of “resurrection from the dead” we speak of the reality of Osiris. It is but a picture expressing a holy and
Divine concept which tragically down through history lost its true meaning and today as Christians we truly look
through a glass darkly. Tragically the Bible speaks of what has happened to Christianity since loosing the
true “gnosis” behind these concepts:

What the teacher won’t tell you


A “Black” Man, A Moor, John Hanson was the First President of the United States! 1781-1782 A.D. George
Washington was really the 8th President of the United States! George Washington was not the first President of
the United States. In fact, the first President of the United States was one John Hanson. Don’t go checking the
encyclopedia for this guy’s name – he is one of those great men that are lost to history. If you’re extremely lucky,
you may actually find a brief mention of his name. The new country was actually formed on March 1, 1781 with
the adoption of The Articles of Confederation. This document was actually proposed on June 11, 1776, but not
agreed upon by Congress until November 15, 1777. Maryland refused to sign this document until Virginia and
New York ceded their western lands (Maryland was afraid that these states would gain too much power in the
new government from such large amounts of land). Once the signing took place in 1781, a President was needed
to run the country. John Hanson was chosen unanimously by Congress (which included George Washington). In
fact, all the other potential candidates refused to run against him, as he was a major player in the revolution and
an extremely influential member of Congress. As the first President, Hanson had quite the shoes to fill. No one had
ever been President and the role was poorly defined. His actions in office would set precedent for all future
He took office just as the Revolutionary War ended. Almost immediately, the troops demanded to be paid. As
would be expected after any long war, there were no funds to meet the salaries. As a result, the soldiers
threatened to overthrow the new government and put Washington on the throne as a monarch.
All the members of Congress ran for their lives, leaving Hanson as the only guy left running the government.
He somehow managed to calm the troops down and hold the country together. If he had failed, the government
would have fallen almost immediately and everyone would have been bowing to King Washington. In fact, Hanson
sent 800 pounds of sterling siliver by his brother Samuel Hanson to George Wasington to provide the troops with
Hanson, as President, ordered all foreign troops off American soil, as well as the removal of all foreign flags.
This was quite the feat, considering the fact that so many European countries had a stake in the United States
since the days following Columbus.
Hanson established the Great Seal of the United States, which all Presidents have since been required to use on
all official documents. President Hanson also established the first Treasury Department, the first Secretary of War,
and the first Foreign Affairs Department. Lastly, he declared that the fourth Thursday of every November was to be
Thanksgiving Day, which is still true today. The Articles of Confederation only allowed a President to serve a one
year term during any three year period, so Hanson actually accomplished quite a bit in such little time. Six other
presidents were elected after him – Elias Boudinot (1783), Thomas Mifflin (1784), Richard Henry Lee (1785),
Nathan Gorman (1786), Arthur St. Clair (1787), and Cyrus Griffin (1788) – all prior to Washington taking office.
So what happened? Why don’t we ever hear about the first seven Presidents of the United States? It’s quite simple –
The Articles of Confederation didn’t work well. The individual states had too much power and nothing could be
agreed upon. A new doctrine needed to be written – something we know as the Constitution.
And that leads us to the end of our story. George Washington was definitely not the first President of the
United States. He was the first President of the United States under the Constitution we follow today. And the
first seven Presidents are forgotten in history. Another reason the two dollar bill is no longer in circulation

Honor thy mother and father! You’re in violation!

Did you know?

Ancestral: Esoteric African Knowledge
Fuji in Yoruba mean Occasion or ceremony.
There are also many linguistic features that are identical between Chinese, Japanese
and some African languages.
In all of them, the suffix and prefix forms are identical.

In the area of names, one finds names like, Kongo, Kong, Kwanza, Kwanju, Kwango,
Chango, Shango, Cheng-Cheng, Mingo, Mongo, Chu, Chu-Wong, Chinna, Yang, Yao,

Kong, Kwan, Chang, Shang, Cheng, Ming, Chu, Chu Wong, Chin, Yang, Yao, Cho (Korean),
Kung These names are Chinse and one is Korean.

Now how could that be?

As for Japanese names and Korean names, many are similar to names found from Sudan to Tanzania.

Most of the names of people in South India, as well as place names and names of certain items are also
found in places like Sudan and East Africa.
Haruna, Sambo, Pankan, Kwashi, Imoko, Chika, Azuka, Ezuka, Koma, Zoro, Watanabe, Nene, Osato,
Osaru, Okada, Edo, Baba, Emiko, Kano, Nana, Aya, Tami, Tai, Sada, Ikimi, Ume, you will more likely see
a Japanese link than a Nigerian link.

The writing system of Japanese hides the striking similarities between Japanese and African languages.
But on closer examination of the syllables that make up the Kanji character set, the syllables easily describe
the Nigerian Languages.

Japanese festivals and dressing are very African in color combination. Also Shinto is about shrines, ancestors,
mountain spirits, tree spirits, the so-called heathen religions that was used to justify the enslavement of Blacks.
Japanese were bleached out by invading Mongolians, that is why Southern Japanese people are darker-skinned
than their northern counterparts.

Chinese and Korean map to the Calabar languages of South-Southern Nigeria. One has to listen to and see the
physical stature someone from that part of Nigeria to have a feel of the similarities to Chinese and Koreans.
Unfortunately, because of the Eurocentric nature of post-colonial Nigerians, the Calabar people cannot understand
why Chinese and Koreans are their bleached-out descendants. Martial Arts is of African origin.
The website
uses legends to drill deep into prehistory because they are the only source of prehistory. However, scientific
means are used to interpret these legends. My own contribution to ancient astronautics is based on the interpretation
of the If a Oracle oral literature which uses symbolic language to describe the descent of Orunmila in a spacecraft. Simply
put the descent of Gods from the skies was by a means, so technologically advanced that missionary interpretations portray
it as magic. Technology is nature’s gift to man. The First World was not a Cave World


In order to raise the consciousness of our African brothers and sisters, we must understand and apply the Akan
concept of Sankofa, which means that in order to move forward we first have to take a step back. In other
words, before we can be prepared for the future, we must comprehend the past. Therefore, here is a partial
list of just some of the thousands of past (and present) inventions, patents, improvements, discoveries, creations, and
innovations by and pertaining to Africans in America and in Africa.

But before we begin, we should understand certain key terms, such as “invention” and “patent.” An invention
is a process, design, or product — including a substantive improvement thereof — that is not previously known
or not previously existing by the exercise of independent investigation and experiment. A patent is a grant given
by the federal government for such a process, design, or product — including a substantive improvement
thereof — with that grant providing the exclusive right to make and sell the process, design, or product — including
a substantive improvement thereof — for a term of years. Accordingly, patent holders (as are many of the Africans
listed below) can legally be defined as actual “inventors.”

It must be mentioned that although our ancestors have received credit for various inventions and patent ideas
in America, we must realize that in many, if not most, cases, inventions and patent ideas were systematically
stolen from us by those who enslaved and otherwise oppressed us from the 17th to mid-20th centuries and
thereabouts. In fact, there were laws during a significant part of that period that barred our ancestors from
filing lawsuits or testifying in court when they wanted to prove that their inventions and patent ideas had been
stolen by whites.

This partial list was compiled to begin re-igniting a sense of ability and excellence in the minds of Africans as
well as to dispel self-hating myths that have caused many of us to believe that white people’s water is wetter
than Black people’s water. And now, without further ado, here is our “We Did It-They Hid It” list with dates, patent
numbers, and some commentary. Be proud about it and be loud about it; now that you have heard, you must spread
the word!

•Air Conditioner Unit Design Frederick Jones 4/28/42 D132,182

•Art Museum Design (Philadelphia) Julian Abele 4/29/1881 Born
Abele (pronounced “able”) was the Chief Designer at the prestigious Horace Trumbauer and Associates
architectural firm from 1938-50. He attended the Institute for Colored Youth, which has since been
transformed into Cheyney University, and in 1904 was the first African to graduate from the University
of Pennsylvania School of Architecture. (Refer below to the section captioned “Library.”)

•Baby Carriage — Safety Leveler William Richardson 6/18/1889 405,599
This essential invention ended the constant and serious problem of babies falling out of carriages, most
of which were inherently defective because they were built without a leveler to keep the carriage safely balanced.

•Bicycle Frame — Folding/Separating Version Isaac Johnson 10/10/1899 634,823

•Blimp (Air Ship) — Modern Version John Pickering 2/20/1900 643,975
This blimp (i.e., air ship) was the first to be powered by an electric motor and to have directional controls.

•Blood Bank Dr. Charles Drew 1940

•Bridge Safety Gate Humphrey Reynolds 10/7/1890 437,937

•Chair — Folding John Purdy (& Daniel Sadgwar) 6/11/1889 405,117

•Clock (Refer Below To Watch) Benjamin Banneker 2/6/1753

•Clothes Drier — Modern Forerunner George Sampson 6/7/1892 476,416

•Computer — World’s Fastest Philip Emeagwali 1989
Emeagwali is the world’s leading supercomputer expert. Also, he actually invented an international network
system that predated the current internet. CNN called him “A father of the internet,” and President Bill Clinton
described him as “one of the great minds of the information age.” He holds several undergraduate and graduate
degrees and has an IQ so high that it cannot be measured on conventional tests. He is a prolific inventor, so far
having submitted 41 inventions to the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. One of those inventions makes oil fields
so productive that it has saved the U.S. hundreds of millions of dollars each year. (Refer below to the section
captioned “Weather Forecasting.”)

•Curtain Rod Samuel Scottron 8/30/1892 481,720

•Dry Cleaning Process Thomas Jennings 3/3/1821 3306X
Jennings is the first African to receive a U.S. patent. After earning money from his patent, he used
those funds to buy his enslaved family’s freedom and to support the abolition movement. Also, in 1831, he
served as the Assistant Secretary for the First Annual Convention of The People of Color (which, by the way, was
held in Philadelphia).

•Elevator — Automatic Electric Shaft Closing Alexander Miles 10/11/1887 371,207
This invention has saved hundreds of thousands of lives by drastically improving upon pre-existing and quite
dangerous ascending/descending contraptions. Those contraptions (i.e., primitive elevators), when stopped on a
floor other than that desired by a passenger, required that passenger to manually shut a door to cut off access to
the shaft, which often caused that passenger to fall into that deep shaft.

•Fire Escape — Portable Daniel McCree 11/11/1890 440,322

•Fire Extinguisher Improvement Thomas Martin 3/26/1872 125,063

•Firemen’s Mobile Ladder Joseph Winter 5/7/1878 203,517

•Gas Mask Garrett Morgan 10/13/14 1,113,675

•Golf Tee Dr. George Grant 12/12/1899 638,920
Prior to this invention by Dr. Grant (who, by the way, graduated from and later taught at Harvard Dental School), golfers
had to use their hands to make a mound of sand and then place the ball on top of that mound. Despite his innovative genius
that greatly benefited golfers worldwide, he was barred — and still would be barred — from many country clubs because of his race.

•Heart (Open Heart) Surgery Dr. Daniel Hale Williams 7/9/1893
Dr. Williams performed this miraculous feat by removing a knife from the heart of a stabbing victim, after which he sutured
the wound and the patient recovered. He also founded the Provident Hospital and Medical Center in Chicago, IL, which is the
oldest free standing Black-owned hospital in the country.

•Heating Furnace — Ventilation System Alice Parker 12/19/19 1,325,905
This invention provided a mechanism for routing heat to various rooms throughout a building
•Ice Cream — Method and Recipes Augustus Jackson 1832
Jackson, a Philadelphian and a former White House chef, uniquely used ice mixed with salt to lower and control the temperature
of his special mix of ingredients, which proved to be a major breakthrough in the creation of ice cream as we know it today. He also
created various ice cream flavors. However, he never applied for a patent.

•Ice Cream Scooper — Spring Loaded Alfred Cralle 2/2/1897 576,395

•Ironing Board — Improvement Sarah Boone 4/26/1892 473,653
This invention, which was a narrowed, curved, and reversible appliance, made it possible for the first time in history to easily and
efficiently press and crease parts of clothing like sleeves and types of clothing like uniquely tailored women’s garments.

•Lawn Mower — Improved, Rotary Blade John Burr 5/9/1899 624,749

•Lawn Sprinkler — Swiveling Joseph Smith 5/4/1897 581,785

•Library Design (Free Library — Phila.) Julian Abele 4/21/1881 Born
Refer above to the section captioned “Art Museum.”

•Light Bulb — Electric Lamp Improvement Lewis Latimer 9/13/1881 247,097
Latimer, the son of parents who had escaped slavery, was an inventor, draftsman, engineer, and scientist, as well
as an author, poet, musician, and philanthropist. It is a little known fact that he was the person who actually drew
the blueprints for Alexander Graham Bell’s telephone in 1878. Three years later, in 1881, he and assistant Joseph
Nichols were the first persons to receive a patent for the direct forerunner to today’s commonly used light bulb. Prior
to this, the electric lamp by Thomas Edison and others had no real practical use because it could not emit light for an
extended period. But the new light bulb by Latimer (with assistant Nichols) used a revolutionary method of manufacturing
carbon filaments that produced light for effectively extended periods. It was because of this ingenious invention that Latimer
was asked by numerous countries, states, and cities — including Philadelphia — to write an instruction manual (which he did in 1890)
and to supervise the installation of incandescent light plants. In addition, it is quite interesting that he was the original draftsman for
Edison (inventor of the 1879 temporary electric lamp) who relied on Latimer as the expert witness in Edison’s patent infringement suit.

•Lock — Modern Washington Martin 7/23/1889 407,738
The innovative lock invented by Martin is precisely what made today’s locks possible. It creatively included a cylinder and spiral spring
coiled around a metal pin, thereby frustrating thieves and burglars throughout the country.

•Mail Box Phillip Downing 10/27/1891 462,093
This invention is also known as a letter box and a letter drop.

•Overnight Delivery Package Receptacle Folarin Sosan 1997
Sosan, through his Package Park (Maita) company, made it possible for overnight and next day package delivery providers such as
Federal Express, United Parcel Service, and the U.S. Postal Service (as well as other major and small businesses) to have all of their
deliveries immediately received by customers and then accurately tracked by computer.
•Pants — Modern Suspenders Archia Ross 11/28/1899 638,068
These suspenders, called “trouser supports and stretchers,” included practical and stylish features such as metal clasps.

•Pencil Sharpener John Love 11/23/1897 594,114

•(The) “Real McCoy” Elijah McCoy 4/2/1843 Born
The term “The Real McCoy” is used to describe anything that is of excellent quality. People began using that term about 130 years
ago in honor of one of the most talented and skillful inventors in American history, a man with more than 50 patents beginning in 1872.
(Although his year of birth is often listed as 1843, it might be 1844. The exact year is unknown because his records, like the records
of most Africans during that period, were often inaccurate because of the indifference of slave-holding and other racist whites.)

•Refrigeration Transport System Frederick Jones 7/12/49 2,303,857
Although he patented it in 1949, he actually invented it in 1935.

•Security System — Home Marie Brown 12/2/69 3,482,037
This home protection system was the first to include television and video surveillance.

•Statue of Liberty — A Black Female 1875
French historian Edourd de Laboulaye, who was the chairman of the French Anti-Slavery Society, proposed to the French
government that the people of France present to the people of United States, through the American Abolitionist Society, the
gift of a Statue of Liberty (with construction beginning in 1875) in recognition of the abolition of American slavery and also
therefore obviously in recognition of the major role played by the approximately 150,000 Black soldiers who helped abolish
slavery by winning the Civil War. When the statue, sculpted by de Laboulaye’s close friend and fellow French Anti-Slavery Society
member Frederic Auguste Bartholdi, was presented in 1884 to a U.S. official, its color was black and it had broken chains at the
feet and left hand of the female-modeled sculpture. Later, the hand chain was removed. It must be noted that the original design of
this statue was for a lighthouse project in Egypt (meaning Kemet) and it featured an Egyptian (meaning Kemetic) female with broken
chains of slavery at her feet.

•Thermostat and Temperature Control System Frederick Jones 2/23/60 2,926,005

•Toilet — Modern Bathroom Features Thomas Elkins 1/9/1872 122,518
This invention, which was called a “chamber commode,” featured all of today’s creature comforts such as a toilet stool, wash stand, mirror,
bureau, and book rack.

•Traffic Signal Garrett Morgan 11/20/23 1,475,024
After he saw a crash between a car and a horse-drawn carriage, Morgan decided that is was absolutely essential for him to invent some type
of traffic safety device. As a result, he was the first person to apply for and receive a patent for an inexpensive “hand-cranked semaphore traffic
management” mechanism that would control vehicular and pedestrian traffic, thereby protecting humans from injury and even death and protecting
cars from damage. This led directly to today’s red, yellow, and green light signals. General Electric bought his patent for $40,000 and in 1963 the
U.S. government awarded Morgan a citation for his invention that has saved millions of lives and body parts and has avoided billions in property damage.
(He also had this invention patented in Britain and Canada.)

•Trolley — Electric Railway Elbert Robinson 9/19/1893 505,370
Robinson creatively used electricity in overhead wires to propel passenger-carrying vehicles.

•Typewriter — Improvement Lee Burridge (& Newman Marshman) 4/7/1885 315,366
Unlike previous bulky and exclusively upper case “letter-writing machines” that were described as a cross between “a small piano and a
kitchen table” and that blocked the user from being able to see what he was typing as he was typing, the novel invention by Burridge and
Marshman was quite practical. It printed both upper and lower case letters, was a much smaller device, and allowed the user to see what
he was typing as he was typing. Also, it required fewer parts and movements to operate and allowed for the use of any paper length.

•Watch — U.S. (Refer Above To Clock) Benjamin Banneker 2/6/1753
Benjamin’s grandmother (who was an English indentured servant) married an indigenous African whose name was “Banna Ka.” Later, white
people began calling him “Bannaky” and thereafter started spelling his name “Banneker.” Benjamin’s invention was not really a clock but instead
was an ingenious wooden pocket watch. In addition to his status as an inventor, municipal surveyor, almanac author, mathematician, scientist, mechanical
engineer, and astronomer, he also was a vocal anti-abolitionist who on August 19, 1791 petitioned slaveholder Thomas Jefferson to end the “absurd
and false ideas” of white supremacy.

•Weather Forecasting — Computerized Philip Emeagwali 1989
Using the Hyperball Computer that he invented in 1975, this pre-eminent scientist solved the world’s largest mathematical equations that produced
meticulously accurate weather forecasting worldwide. (Refer above to the section captioned “Computer.”)

•Wrench — Updated Jack Johnson 4/18/22 1,413,121
This is the very same Jack Johnson who became the world’s first Black heavyweight champ by winning “The Heavyweight Championship of The
World” in 1908 and who had won “The Colored Heavyweight Championship of The World” in 1903. His updated wrench was a tool designed
specifically to tighten or loosen fastening devices. This wrench was important not only because of its practical use and not only because of the
person who conceived it, but also because it was invented while he was in Leavenworth Prison on trumped up racist charges involving a 1912
alleged violation of the Mann Act stemming from his out-of-state trips with his white girlfriend. (The Mann Act made it illegal to cross state lines
to engage in “immoral activity” with white women.) It should be noted that in addition to his wrench invention, Johnson also received a patent
(number 1,438,709) for a car theft protection device on December 12, 1922.
•Wheelchair — Stair Climbing Rufus Weaver 11/19/68 3,411,598

•The First
◦The original and correct name of Africa is Alkebulan. Africans (Alkebulanians) were the first humans on this planet 200,000 years ago.
They were in East Africa/Alkebulan in the Nile Valley region. It was not until 170,000 years later — which was only 30,000 ago — that the
first white person came into existence in the Caucasus Mountain area.

◦Africans (Alkebulanians) created the first language in the West African/Alkebulan country now called Ghana. That language is Twi and Khui.

•Air Conditioning Concept 3000 BC
The Egyptians (who are correctly called the Kemites) poured water in shallow clay trays that were placed on beds of straw. This was done at
night so that, during the natural evening temperature drop, evaporation would cause a cooling effect in the rooms where the trays were located.

•Amen 2500 BC
This word, which Christians now use at the end of their prayers, was originally spelled Amun and it means “the hidden one.” It was the last
name of the highest Egyptian (Kemetic) deity. In fact, around 1360 BC, the Egyptian (Kemetic) ruler Seti The Great was worshipped as the
god Amun. The Hebrews later adopted the word, changed its meaning, and then passed it on to the Christians.

It must be noted that the word Christ is not derived from Europe. The word actually comes from the pharaonic Egyptian (Kemetic)
expression “kher sesheta,” which means “he who watches over the mysteries.” It was not until after 300 AD that Christians finally
started referring to Jesus as Christ.

Also, the Bible makes it absolutely clear that Jesus did not have the complexion of a white man but instead had the complexion of a
dark man. Revelations 2:18 mentions “feet… like fine brass” (which is a brownish color) and Daniel 7:9 mentions “hair… like pure wool”
(which is locks or an Afro).

•Geometry Tacokoma 1500 BC (circa)
Tacokoma, like Tishome who invented calculus and Ahmes who invented algebra, was a brilliant Egyptian (Kemetic) mathematician.

•Handshake 2800 BC
This contact between two persons signified the conferring of power from a god to an earthly Egyptian (Kemetic) ruler. As a matter
of fact, in the so-called hieroglyphic (correctly called medu netcher) picture writings, the verb “to give” is drawn as an extended hand.
This is where the European named Michelangelo got his idea for the Sistine Chapel drawing.

•Toothbrush 3000 BC
In order to clean and strengthen their teeth, the Egyptians (Kemites) used a chew stick, which was a pencil-sized twig with one end frayed
to a soft, fibrous condition.

•Toothpaste 2000 BC
The Egyptians (Kemites) made toothpaste from powdered pumice stone and strong wine vinegar that they brushed onto a chew stick.
This was much different from the early Roman toothpaste that was made from human URINE(!), which the Romans also used as a mouth wash.
In fact, Roman physicians around 100 AD claimed that brushing with urine whitened teeth and fixed them more firmly in the sockets. And wealthy
Roman women paid dearly for foreign urine, especially Portuguese urine.

•Wedding Ring 2800 BC
To the Egyptians (Kemites), a circle, which has no beginning and no end, signified eternity, just as marriage signifies an eternal bond.

We were never supposed to know our greatness

The only history black people were taught in the state-run public school system, was that we were only slaves, while all the time knowing our greatness in this country and abroad, We ruled Europe for hundreds of years, and you never hear a white person talk about it, even those who teach black history. They have us focused on Egypt, when we built pyramids everywhere on earth. Those who are holding all this information from us, are in fear of the return of black rulership, when we’ve already done that, and are on to something much better than that.